Natzweiler-Struthof was a Nazi concentration camp located in the Vosges Mountains close to the villages of Natzweiler and Struthof in the Gau Baden-Alsace of Germany, on territory annexed from France on a de facto basis in 1940. The female prisoner-population in the camp was small, and only seven SS women served in Natzweiler-Struthof camp (compared to more than 600 SS men) and 15 in the Natzweiler complex of subcamps. Work, hunger, darkness and the lack of health care caused many epidemics; mortality rates could reach 80%. ». [27] Josef Kramer, acting commandant of Natzweiler-Struthof (who was a Lagerführer at Auschwitz and the last commandant of Bergen Belsen) personally carried out the gassing of 80 of the 86 victims at Natzweiler-Struthof. Au camp du Struthof, ce même jour, en Alsace, à une soixantaine de kilomètres de Strasbourg, les portes de l’ancien camp de concentration du Struthof sont restées closes pour… cause de « fermeture annuelle du 24 décembre au 28 février, réouverture le 1er mars 2020 ». [18][19], British bomber Sergeant Frederic ("Freddie") Habgood was hanged at this camp, after his Lancaster bomber crashed in Alsace on 27 July 1944 and he was betrayed to the Nazis by a local woman. An old hotel called ‘Le Struthof’ was near the selected location and served as the residence for the camp’s SS personnel. Les propriétaires seront-ils les victimes de la suppression de la taxe d’habitation ? Ces « charmantes » bestioles se sont invitées, lundi dernier, à la séance du conseil munic…. The camp was located in a heavily-forested and isolated area at an elevation of 800 metres (2,600 ft). The Natzweiler-Struthof main camp was established nearby on 1 May 1941, in Natzweiler, in the Bruche valley; its site was chosen due to its proximity to a quarry. How I succeeded in identifying the 86 victims of a NAZI crime. Directed by Anne-Sophie Chaumier Le Conte. The camp was specially set up for Nacht und Nebel prisoners, in most cases, people of the resistance movements. L’esprit de Noël apportera-t-il la paix au Liban, au Moyen-Orient et dans le monde ? [28][29], The next part of the process for this "collection" was to bring the corpses to the Reichs University, where Hirt's plan was to make anatomical casts of the bodies. [33] August Hirt, who conceived the project, was sentenced to death in absentia at the Military War Crimes Trial at Metz on 23 December 1953. Vaccin contre le coronavirus : ce que révèle la reculade du gouvernement. Hartjenstein was sentenced to death by firing squad on 5 June 1946. To the French, it is Le Struthof; to the Nazis it was Konsentrationslager Natzweiler; to Americans it is Natzweiler-Struthof. Natzweiler-Struthof was a German-run concentration camp located in the Vosges Mountains close to the Alsatian village of Natzwiller (German Natzweiler) in France, and the town of Schirmeck, about 50 km (31 m) south west of the city of Strasbourg. Le 23 novembre 1944, jour de la libération de Strasbourg, l'armée américaine pénètre dans le camp de Natzweiler-Struthof. À la (re)découverte des trésors de nos régions, Jean Sévillia : « Il n’y a pas plus Français que Louis de Funès et Lino Ventura ! Jusqu’à cette date, il faudra se contenter d’une visite virtuelle sur le site internet du camp du Struthof qui, 75 ans après, demeure ignoré de nos hautes autorités comme du grand public, peine à sortir de l’anonymat… Qui connait le Struthof « Auschwitz  oublié » de notre Hexagone ? Make social videos in an instant: use custom templates to tell the right story for your business. The 86 were from eight countries in German-occupied Europe: Austria, Netherlands, France, Germany, Greece, Norway, Belgium and Poland. De la famille Lefèvre à Miss France 2021 : une semaine nauséabonde. Daimler-Benz moved its aircraft engine factory from Berlin to a gypsum mine near the Neckarelz annex camp. Haut lieu de la mémoire des guerres contemporaines, le camp du Struthof en Alsace, seul camp de concentration nazi sur le sol de France, avait été ouvert en 1941 par les nazis, après l’annexion à l’Allemagne de l’Alsace-Moselle. Thierry Lafon, blanchisseur : « Depuis le premier confinement, je ne reçois aucune aide de l’État alors que mon chiffre a baissé de 50 % ! [34] Rachel Gordon and Joachim Zepelin translated the introduction to the book to English, at the web site where the whole book, including the biographies of the 86 people, is posted in German. About 52,000 prisoners were estimated to be held there during its time of operation. took place at Bullenhuser Damm. [32] It was unknown at the time that Hirt had shot himself in the head on June 2, 1945 while in hiding in the Black Forest. Create . [4], Interned prisoners provided forced labor for the Wehrmacht war industry, through contracts with private industry. Vous y croyez ? Coronavirus : « …et si on rendait l’Alsace-Lorraine aux Allemands, au gué, au gué… » ? Qui connaît le Struthof, «Auschwitz oublié» ? Another plaque honoring the victims was placed outside the Anatomy Institute at Strasbourg's University Hospital. Le 16 mars 1943, il fut transféré au fort de Romainville, sous contrôle allemand. [6], Natzweiler-Struthof operated between 21 May 1941 and the beginning of September 1944, when the SS evacuated the camp to Dachau. 1 Fin de l'alerte Amber à Terrebonne; 2 Chronique Le cauchemar de François Legault; 3 Ce qu’exposent les zoonoses; 4 It operated from 21 May 1941 to September 1944, and was the only concentration camp established by the Germans in the territory of pre-war France. Natzweiler-Struthof was considered the better place for gassing the selected victims (better than at Auschwitz), as they would die one by one, with no damage to the corpses, and Natzweiler-Struthof was at Hirt's disposal. Structures were rebuilt, placing the artifacts that survived the fire as they were found originally. Marche des sans-papiers en France : comment expliquer que des migrants réclament des papiers dans un pays aussi détestable ? Macron récupère Valéry Giscard d’Estaing : pour le meilleur ou pour le pire ? The main duty of the female supervisors in Natzweiler was to guard the few women who came to the camp for medical experiments or to be executed. Struthof, le camp oublié: découvrez toutes les vidéos avec Télé-Loisirs Il y a 5 ans, pour le 70e anniversaire de la libération des camps, les survivants du Struthof attendaient pour le moins un hommage national avec la présence d’un membre du gouvernement. Certificat de sensibilisation obligatoire ? The camp is preserved as a museum in memory of those held or killed there. Retour à l'article Source RMC Découverte. [41][10], Heinrich Schwarz was tried separately at Rastatt in connection with atrocities committed during his tenure as commandant of Natzweiler-Struthof. The anatomist August Hirt conducted some of his efforts in making a Jewish skeleton collection, whose purpose was to exhibit Jews as racially inferior, at the camp. Non diffusé en ce moment à la télévision. [1][3] The prisoners were mainly from the resistance movements in German-occupied territories. He is honored as a Righteous Among the Nations by Yad Vashem, Israel's Holocaust Memorial for hiding Jewish children in Catholic boarding schools. He was sentenced to death and subsequently shot by firing squad near Baden-Baden on 20 March 1947. Some of the people responsible for atrocities in this camp were brought to trial after the war ended. L'histoire du Natzweiler-Struthof, qui fut l'unique camp de concentration installé sur le territoire français, reste encore aujourd'hui totalement méconnue du grand public. The camp also trained several female guards who went to the Geisenheim and Geislingen subcamps in western Germany. Struthof, le camp oublié . [21], The camp had five commandants and numerous doctors in its history. [45] The film "The names of the 86" (French: Le nom des 86) was directed by Emmanuel Heyd and Raphael Toledano (Dora Films). In 1956, he was released from detention after being imprisoned for eleven years. The prisoners lived initially in a temporary structure surrounded by barbed wire. Le 23 novembre 1944, jour de la libération de Strasbourg, l'armée américaine pénètre dans le camp de Natzweiler-Struthof. Edouard Philippe était lundi à Auschwitz pour le 75ème anniversaire de la libération des camps d’Auschwitz-Birkenau, alors qu’Emmanuel Macron s’est rendu au Mémorial de la Shoah, à Paris, pour y inaugurer le «Mur des noms» rénové. It was a labor camp, a transit camp and, as the war went on, a place of execution. Ce documentaire lève le voile sur l'histoire glaçante de ce camp. Miss France : on aurait pu aussi organiser un référendum ! Voile des petites filles musulmanes : Aurore Bergé est contre ! Documentaires-Histoire. Installé en Alsace, région annexée par l'Allemagne, il fut l'unique camp de concentration installé sur le territoire français. Struthof, le camp oublié • 50 min. Another annex camp at Schörzingen was established in February 1944 for extracting crude oil from oil shale. [citation needed], The camp became a war zone in late summer 1944, and was evacuated in early September 1944. Remdésivir/Gilead : la Commission européenne cache-t-elle un énorme scandale de favoritisme ? », Les dettes du gaspillage, de l’immigration et du Covid-19 ne seront pas annulées, Projet de revenu universel à l’Assemblée : le massacre des classes moyennes. Une lente montée des effectifs, 1941-1942 ; 1943 : le camp se normalise ; L'explosion du nombre, 1944-1945 -- Partir. Forty-six of these individuals were originally from Thessaloniki, Greece. [2], On 23 November 1944, this camp with its small staff was discovered and liberated by the French First Army as part of the U.S. Sixth Army Group,[2] on the same day that the city of Strasbourg was liberated by the Allies. [32], For many years only a single victim, Menachem Taffel (prisoner no. [31] Lang recounts in detail the story of how he determined the identities of the 86 victims gassed for Hirt's project of the Jewish skeleton collection. Installé en Alsace, région annexée par l’Allemagne, il fut l’unique camp de concentration installé sur le … [9] Brian Stonehouse of the British SOE and Albert Guérisse, a Belgian escape line leader, witnessed the arrival of the four women and the events leading up to their execution and cremation; both men testified to the executions of the four women in post-war trials. Lang, Hans-Joachim, The names of the numbers. Frontex accusée d’avoir refoulé des migrants ! Son épouse participa à l’organisation du sauvetage des enfants juifs. Struthof, le camp oublié (TV Movie 2018) cast and crew credits, including actors, actresses, directors, writers and more. Caché dans les Vosges, il était inconnu d’une grande partie de la population et sa destruction s'est faite sans bruit. Le camp central, seul camp de concentration présent sur le territoire français actuel, est situé en ce qui était alors l'Alsace annexée. Struthof, le camp oublié. L’Angleterre confinée : enfin une bonne nouvelle pour les Français ? Only a small staff of Nazi SS personnel remained until the camp was liberated by the French First Army under the command of the U.S. Sixth Army Group on 23 November 1944.[5]. In 1940, Germany invaded and occupied France, including Alsace. Its goal was to explain what happened at Reich University of Strasbourg, at Natzweiler-Struthof, in the strange use of science in this Nazi project to eliminate the Jews, but keeping some remains for history and science, the project never fully completed. [16], Two British Royal Air Force airmen (Flying Officer Dennis H. Cochran, and Flight Lieutenant Anthony "Tony" R. H. Hayter) who were involved in "The Great Escape" and murdered by the Gestapo after re-capture,[17] were cremated at Natzweiler-Struthof. [22][23], The following private firms used Natzweiler-Struthof camp's inmates for labor in their factories:[24][25]. Crèche de Noël la plus laide : Nice a fait mieux que le pape, place Saint-Pierre ! Le principe de non-discrimination a encore frappé ! [3] Inmates originated from various countries, including Poland, the Soviet Union, the Netherlands, France, Nazi Germany, Slovene-speaking parts of Yugoslavia and Norway. [32] Also named as associated with this project are doctor Karl Wimmer [de] and the anatomist Anton Kiesselbach [de]. L’Italie réclame l’annulation de sa dette…. The European Centre of Deported Resistance Members, a new structure at the site, opened in November 2005, and at the same time, "the museum was entirely redesigned to focus solely on the history of Natzweiler concentration camp and its subcamps. Beger was found guilty, although he was credited for pre-trial imprisonment and served no time. [40] He died of a heart attack while awaiting execution on 20 October 1954. [20] Two died as a result of the crash, three survived as prisoners of war in a camp in Poland, one returned to England with the help of the resistance, and Mr Habgood was hanged on 31 July 1944. {"poster":{"file_path":"/xYbAFrszYkRkVRWMifXkx6KaoIx.jpg","iso_639_1":null}} {"poster":{"file_path":"/xYbAFrszYkRkVRWMifXkx6KaoIx.jpg","iso_639_1":"fr"}} Struthof, le camp oublié, d'Anne-Sophie Chaumier Le Conte Le 23 novembre, jour de la libération de Strasbourg, l'armée américaine pénètre dans le camp de Natzweiler-Struthof. Bientôt, nous serons au même niveau que le reste de l’Union européenne, alors qu’encore une fois la France a fait un effort colossal dans les années 1970 pour préparer l’avenir. Vue de baraques dans le camp de Natzweiler, qui constituait une partie du camp de concentration de Natzweiler-Struthof. Natzweiler-Struthof was a Nazi concentration camp located in the Vosges Mountains close to the villages of Natzweiler and Struthof in the Gau Baden-Alsace of Germany, on territory annexed from France on a de facto basis in 1940. There is a bookshop as well to look up resources. Through 1945, Natzweiler-Struthof had a complex of about 70 subcamps or annex camps. [10] The two men were sent to Dachau, where they were liberated. Entre 1941 et 1945, l’Alsace, annexée au IIIe Reich, voit s’installer l’un des camps de concentration les plus meurtriers de la Seconde Guerre mondiale : le KL-Natzweiler. Pacte sur la migration en Europe : ce n’est pas une vague, c’est un tsunami ! Its construction was overseen by Hans Hüttig in the spring of 1941, in a heavily-forested and isolated area at an elevation of 800 metres (2,600 ft). The Jewish skeleton collection was an attempt by the Nazis to create an anthropological display to showcase the alleged racial inferiority of the "Jewish race" and to emphasize the status of Jews as Untermenschen ("sub-humans"), in contrast to the Germanic Übermenschen ("super-humans") Aryan race which the Nazis considered to be the "Herrenvolk" (master race). The people who were to serve as best examples of the "Jewish race" were selected from people at the Auschwitz camp, then brought to Natzweiler-Struthof both to eat well and then to be murdered by gas, and their corpses brought to the Anatomy Institute of at the Reich University of Strasbourg (Reichsuniversität Straßburg) in the annexed region of Alsace, a project of great scope. The Monument to the Departed stands at the site. Struthof, le camp oublié Vidéo) Partager Tweet Vous abonner à notre lettre. In 1951, the remains of the 86 victims were reinterred in one location in the Cronenbourg-Strasbourg Jewish Cemetery. This was done mainly at the numerous annex camps, some of which were located in mines or tunnels in order to avoid damage from Allied air raids. [7] (For the system of subcamps see List of subcamps of Natzweiler-Struthof. Danger sur la France : l’immigration afghane, proche des talibans, a littéralement explosé ! Dépistage massif au Havre : « Un gaspillage de fric monumental ! [11] [12], Charles Delestraint, leader of the Armée Secrète, was detained at Natzweiler-Struthof, then was executed by the Gestapo in Dachau days before that camp was liberated and the war ended. Hartjenstein's death sentence was commuted to life imprisonment on 1 June 1946. [46], Another documentary was made about the skeleton project in 2013, titled Au nom de la race et de la science, Strasbourg 1941-1944 (English: In the name of Race and Science, Strasbourg 1941–1945). [40][41], Magnus Wochner was also implicated in the Stalag Luft III murders and was listed among the accused. Then he was tried again by the British for hanging a POW who was a member of the Royal Air Force. Some initial study of the corpses was performed, but the progress of the war stalled completion of the collection. Or, il n’a plus aucune retenue ». Les contenus écrits publiés par Boulevard Voltaire sont mis à disposition selon les termes de la Licence Creative Commons Attribution - Pas d’Utilisation Commerciale - Partage dans les Mêmes Conditions 2.0 France. The 70th anniversary of this execution of those who resisted Nazi occupation was commemorated at the museum in 2014. Le Struthof is a beautiful location which before it was a concentration camp, was a ski resort. Bien avant Auschwitz pourtant, que les Soviétiques découvrirent le 27 janvier 1945, le « Konzentrations Lager » du Struthof aura été le premier camp de concentration découvert par les Alliés à l’ouest de l’Europe, le 23 novembre 1944, lors de leur progression vers les rives du Rhin. One is at the site of the mass grave, the other along the wall of the cemetery. [32][35][36] The biographies of all 86 people are described in English on a web site set up by Lang.[37]. [41] With Arnaud Boulligny, Christian Ingrao, Hervé Joly, Tercelin Kirtley. [8] Such executions of[who?] « 2020, pire année de l’Histoire », selon le magazine, Calendrier de l’Avent (case 8) : La France des rois de France. Ce documentaire lève le voile sur l'histoire glaçante de ce camp. 107969), a Polish born Jew who had been living in Berlin, was positively identified through the efforts of Serge and Beate Klarsfeld. Boulevard Voltaire 6.0.6 Le camp de Natzweiler-Struthof. Chaque année une cérémonie quasi confidentielle, dédiée à la mémoire des victimes du nazisme, se déroule au Struthof le week-end suivant le 18 juin, en souvenir de l’appel du général de Gaulle. Selon l’historien Robert Steegmann, 22.000 personnes y ont laissé leur vie et près de 52.000 personnes de l’Europe entière y furent internées, dont de nombreux Juifs, mais aussi un fort contingent de Polonais les plus nombreux, suivis des Soviétiques et des Français. [20], In his memoirs titled Moi, Pierre Seel, déporté homosexuel, Pierre Seel, who served a sentence at the neighboring camp of Schirmeck, tells that he took part in the construction of the Struthof concentration camp, in the context of his forced labor tasks. ». Afflux de réfugiés en Grèce : comment ne pas songer au, Les îles de la mer Égée ne veulent pas « accueillir toute la misère du monde », Graeme Allwright, le « passeur » entre le français et l’anglais, ne chantera plus. Bien avant Auschwitz pourtant, que les Soviétiques découvrirent le 27 janvier 1945, le « Konzentrations Lager » du Struthof  aura été le premier camp de concentration découvert par les Alliés à l’ouest de l’Europe, le 23 novembre 1944, lors de leur progression vers les rives du Rhin. The site is large and will take a few hours to walk round. Stonehouse later sketched the four women which aided in their identification. Ancien grand reporter à France 3 Alsace, il passe son temps entre l’Alsace et la Grèce. Elections américaines : Mike Pence, homme de l’année 2021 ? Le 15 juillet 1943, il fut déporté au camp de Natzweiler-Struthof dans les Vosges où, dès son arrivée, il fut torturé puis assassiné par les SS le 21 juillet 1943. [27], "Struthof" redirects here. On 2 July 1940, two weeks after the fall of the nearby city of Strasbourg, an internment camp was set up near Schirmeck which existed throughout the war but was never part of the concentration camp system. The camp held a crematorium and a jury rigged gas chamber outside the main camp, which was not used for mass extermination but for selective extermination, as part of the human experimentation programs, in particular on the problems of fighting a war, like typhus among the troops. August Hirt committed suicide in June 1945; his suicide was unknown for many years, and he was tried in absentia in 1953 at Metz for his war crimes, including the Jewish skeleton collection, begun at Auschwitz, continued at Natzweiler-Struthof, and ended, but not completed, at the Reichs University of Strasbourg. The region, adjacent to the German border, was chosen for full Germanization and was annexed to Gau Baden-Alsace. In a 2013 documentary by Sonia Rolley and others, two historians remark that "Hirt is one of the most absolutely criminal of National Socialist ideology," adds the historian Yves Ternon. The total number of prisoners at all of the Natzweiler subcamps was estimated to be 19,000 while there was between 7,000 and 8,000 in the main camp at Natzweiler.[5]. Mais ni le secrétaire d’État aux Anciens combattants, ni le Premier ministre, a fortiori le Président de l’époque, n’avaient alors fait le déplacement, pas plus qu’aujourd’hui…Vous avez dit le « Struthof » ? They spent two weeks eating well in barracks there in Block 13, so they would be good specimens of normal size. It was one of the first concentration camps and the only one in France. Some died from the exertions of their labor and malnutrition. All of the accused were found guilty; of these, three were sentenced to death and two hanged. S’il y a un référendum urgent, c’est sur l’immigration qu’il doit se faire. In 2003, Hans-Joachim Lang, a German professor at the University of Tübingen succeeded in identifying all the victims, by comparing a list of inmate numbers of the 86 corpses at the Reichs University in Strasbourg, surreptitiously recorded by Hirt's French assistant Henri Henrypierre, with a list of numbers of inmates vaccinated at Auschwitz. [3], Four female British SOE agents were executed together on 6 July 1944: Diana Rowden, Vera Leigh, Andrée Borrel and Sonya Olschanezky. [43][39], During the night of 12–13 May 1976, neo-Nazis burned the camp museum, with the loss of important artifacts. Photos of the corpses as found by the Allies who saw them in the Reichs University make the totality of the strange project quite real. The European Centre of Deported Resistance Members is located at this museum, focusing on those held. [40] The sentence was not carried out, and he was then extradited to France, where he was tried at Metz for his crimes at Natzweiler and sentenced to death. [7] Some worked in quarries, but many worked in the arms industry at various subcamps. By any name, it was a horror camp where prisoners suffered inhumane treatment or were murdered by the Nazis during the period when Alsace was incorporated into the Greater German Reich after the defeat of France in 1940. The deaths of 86 inmates were, in the words of Hirt, "induced" at a jury rigged gassing facility at Natzweiler-Struthof on several days in August and their corpses, 57 men and 29 women, were sent to Strasbourg for study. Struthof, le camp oublié en Streaming. As the war continued, it became a death camp as well. • Nuit et brouillard, un film d'Alain Resnais. The first camp commandant, Hans Hüttig, was sentenced to death on 2 July 1954 by a French military court in Metz, but the death sentence was not carried out. [27][30] The next step after making the casts was to have been reducing them to skeletons. In 1944, with the approach of the Allies, there was concern over the possibility that the corpses could be discovered. The disused autobahn Engelberg Tunnel in Leonberg, near Stuttgart, was used by the Messerschmitt Aircraft Company which eventually employed 3,000 prisoners in forced labor. Lilian Thuram nous donne la véritable raison du crachat de Marcus ! "[27], In 1943, the inmates selected at Auschwitz were transported to Natzweiler-Struthof. Some people died from the exertions of the work they had to do, while poorly fed. It was abandoned intact and the organisers have left most of it intact. He was accused of having murdered four British female spies. ), The total number of prisoners reached 52,000 over the three years, of 32 nationalities. His death was acknowledged as a war crime in 1947 and his family was informed, but the most personal evidence of his presence there, a silver bracelet with his name on it, emerged from the soil in July 2018, as an area with flowers was being watered by a volunteer. Budgets européens de la Défense : l’inquiétant retard français. Le 23 novembre 1944, jour de la libération de Strasbourg, l'armée américaine pénètre dans le camp de Natzweiler-Struthof. The Nazis established a concentration camp near the town of Natzweiler, 31 miles south of Strasbourg, on a hill in the Vosges Mountains. Leo Alexander, the medical advisor at the Nuremberg trials, stated that some children were murdered at Natzweiler-Struthof for the sole purpose of testing poisons for inconspicuous executions of Nazi officials and prisoners. [14][15], Bishop Gabriel Piguet, the Roman Catholic Bishop of Clermont-Ferrand, was interned at Natzweiler before being transferred to the Priest Barracks of Dachau Concentration Camp. Ils traînent une chrétienne nue dans les rues et… sont acquittés par la Justice égyptienne, Calendrier de l’Avent (case 21) : une crèche de lumière, Une prof de droit insultée et menacée de mort pour avoir critiqué l’islam, Damien Rieu : « En France, en 2020,les citoyens ont le droit, symboliquement, de montrer que les frontières sont possibles et nécessaires ». Documentaires-Histoire. Heinrich Ganninger, adjutant and deputy of commander Fritz Hartjenstein, committed suicide in Wuppertal prison in April 1946 before his trial. Le 1er mai 1941, au lieu-dit « le Struthof », les nazis ouvrent un camp de concentration, le Konzentrationslager Natzweiler (KL*-Natzweiler). [38], Josef Kramer, the former commandant of the camp during the time of the Jewish skeleton collection project, was arrested at Bergen-Belsen concentration camp on 17 April 1945 and tried at Lüneburg in the British-occupied sector for his crimes, including the murder of Jews in the gas chamber at Natzweiler. He was sentenced on 16–17 November 1945 and was hanged at Hamelin prison [de] on 13 December 1945. Le 23 novembre, jour de la libération de Strasbourg, l'armée américaine pénètre dans le camp de Natzweiler-Struthof, l'unique camp de … This, however, would mean that the whole work had been done for nothing – at least in part – and that this singular collection would be lost to science, since it would be impossible to make plaster casts afterwards." Hans Eisele was also stationed in this camp for a time. [39], The commandant of Natzweiler at the time that four female resistance agents were executed, Fritz Hartjenstein and five others were tried by a British war crimes court at Wuppertal, from 9 April to 5 May 1946. It operated from 21 May 1941 to September 1944, and was the only concentration camp established by the Germans in the territory of pre-war France. Natzweiler –Struthof was one of the smallest concentration camps. Natzweiler-Struthof, France, après le 30 septembre 1944. Strenuous work, medical experiments, poor nutrition and mistreatment by the SS guards resulted in most of the documented deaths, although some prisoners were executed directly, by hanging, by gunshot or by gas. Le racket du prix de l’électricité ne cesse de prendre de l’ampleur, Covid-19 : les questions de fond à se poser, « Je les ai bien baisés » : Emmanuel Macron au naturel. TV5, lundi, 21 h. Les plus populaires. », Il détestait le foot : hommage à Pierre Desproges, Theodorákis l’immense musicien, l’éternel révolté, fête ses 95 ans. Hoffmann & Campe, Hamburg 2004, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 07:18. The reconstructed camp museum was officially opened on 29 June 1980. "[44], A documentary film was shown in 2014 about the 86 people who were murdered in the camp and whose remains were later identified by name, as described above in The Jewish skeleton collection section. [31], Two anthropologists, who were both members of the SS, Hans Fleischhacker and Bruno Beger, along with Wolf-Dietrich Wolff, were accused of making selections at Auschwitz of Jewish prisoners for Hirt's collection of 'racial types', the man who devised the project of the Jewish skeleton collection.